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رسالۀ یعقوب رسول

فصل اول

۱یعقوب بندۀ خدا و بندۀ عیسی مسیح خداوند به دوازده طایفۀ اسرائیل که در سراسر عالم پراگنده اند، سلام می فرستد.

ایمان و حکمت

۲ای برادران من، هرگاه دچار آزمایش های گوناگون می شوید، بی نهایت شاد باشید، ۳چون می دانید اگر خلوص ایمان شما در آزمایش ثابت شود، بردباری شما بیشتر می شود؛ ۴و وقتی بردباری شما کامل شود، شما انسان های کامل و بی نقصی شده و به چیزی محتاج نخواهید بود. ۵اگر کسی از شما بدون حکمت باشد، آنرا از خدا بخواهد و خدایی که همه چیز را با سخاوت می بخشد و انسان را سرزنش نمی کند، آنرا به او خواهد داد. ۶اما او باید با ایمان بخواهد و در فکر خود شک نداشته باشد، چون کسی که شک کند مانند موج بحر است که در برابر باد رانده و متلاطم می شود. ۷چنین شخصی نباید گمان کند که از خداوند چیزی خواهد یافت، ۸چون شخص دو دل در تمام کارهای خود ناپایدار است.

فقر و ثروت

۹برادر مسکین به سرافرازی خود در برابر خدا فخر کند ۱۰و برادر ثروتمند نیز از ناچیزی خود، زیرا او مانند گُلِ علف زودگذر است. ۱۱همین که آفتاب با گرمای سوزان خود بر آن می درخشد علف را می خشکاند، گُلِ آن می ریزد و زیبائی آن از بین می رود. شخص دولتمند نیز همینطور در میان فعالیت های خود از بین می رود.

آزمایش و وسوسه

۱۲خوشا به حال کسی که در برابر وسوسه از پای در نیاید، زیرا وقتی آزموده شود، تاج زندگی را که خداوند به دوستداران خود وعده داده است، خواهد گرفت. ۱۳کسی که گرفتار وسوسه می شود، نباید بگوید: «خداوند مرا به وسوسه انداخته است» چون خداوند از بدی مبراست و کسی را به وسوسه نمی اندازد. ۱۴انسان وقتی دچار وسوسه می شود که مجذوب و فریفتۀ شهوات خود باشد. ۱۵در نتیجه، شهوت حامله می شود و گناه را تولید می کند و وقتی گناه کاملاً رشد کرد، باعث مرگ می شود.

۱۶ای برادران عزیز من، خود را فریب ندهید. ۱۷تمام بخشش های نیکو و هدایای کامل از آسمان و از جانب خدایی می آید که آفریننده نور است و در او تغییر و تیرگی وجود ندارد. ۱۸او بنا به ارادۀ خود و به وسیلۀ کلمۀ حقیقت ما را آفرید تا ما نمونه ای از خلقت تازۀ او باشیم.

شنیدن و انجام دادن

۱۹بنابراین ای برادران عزیز من، هرکس باید زود بشنود، دیر جواب دهد و دیر عصبانی شود. ۲۰چون عصبانیت انسان به هدف های نیکوی خدا کمک نمی کند. ۲۱پس هر نوع عادت ناشایست و رفتار شرارت آمیز را از خود دور کنید. خود را به خدا بسپارید و کلامی را که او در دل های شما کاشته و می تواند شما را نجات بخشد، با فروتنی بپذیرید.

۲۲مطابق کلام او عمل کنید و فقط با شنیدن خود را فریب ندهید، ۲۳چون کسی که به کلام گوش می دهد ولی مطابق آن عمل نمی کند، مانند کسی است که به آینه نگاه می کند و چهرۀ طبیعی خود را در آن می بیند. ۲۴او خود را می بیند ولی همین که از پیش آینه دور می شود، فراموش می کند که چهره اش چگونه بود. ۲۵اما کسی که با دقت به شریعت کامل و آزادی بخش نگاه کند و همیشه متوجه آن باشد و شنوندۀ فراموشکاری نباشد بلکه مطابق آن رفتار کند، خداوند تمام کارهای او را برکت خواهد داد. ۲۶اگر کسی گمان می کند که آدم دینداری است ولی زبان خود را نگاه نمی دارد، خود را فریب می دهد و ایمان او بی فایده است. ۲۷دیانت پاک و بی آلایش در برابر خدای پدر این است که وقتی یتیمان و بیوه زنان دچار مصیبت می شوند، از آن ها توجه کنیم و خود را از فساد دنیا دور نگهداریم.

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