رسالۀ پولُس رسول به رومیان

فصل سوم

۱پس یهودیان چه برتری بر غیر یهودیان دارند؟ یا سنت چه ارزشی دارد؟ ۲البته از هر لحاظ ارزش فراوان دارد، اول آنکه خدا پیام خود را به یهودیان سپرد. ۳اما اگر بعضی از آن ها امین نبودند، آیا بی وفائی آن ها وفاداری خدا را باطل می سازد؟ ۴هرگز نه! حتی اگر همۀ انسان ها دروغگو باشند، خدا راستگو است! چنانکه نوشته شده است:

«کلامی که گفته ای راست بوده و داوری تو عادلانه است.»

۵اما اگر شرارت ما عدالت خدا را بیشتر آشکار می سازد چه بگوئیم؟ آیا می توانیم بگوئیم که هرگاه خدا ما را مجازات می کند، بی انصافی می کند؟ (مثل آدمیان سخن می گویم) ۶هرگز نه! اگر خدا عادل نباشد چطور می تواند دنیا را داوری کند؟

۷اما اگر دروغ من در مقابل راستی خدا جلال او را بیشتر آشکار می کند، چرا باز هم به عنوان یک گناهکار ملامت می شوم؟ ۸پس چرا نگوئیم: «بیائید بدی کنیم تا از آن خوبی به بار آید؟» در واقع عده ای تهمت زنان گزارش داده اند که ما چنین چیزی گفته ایم، محکومیت این اشخاص بجاست.

هیچ کس در حضور خدا عادل نیست

۹پس چه؟ آیا ما یهودیان از غیر یهودیان وضع بهتری داریم؟ ابداً، پیش از این نشان دادیم که یهودیان و غیر یهودیان، همه در گناه گرفتار هستند. ۱۰چنانکه نوشته شده است:

«حتی یک نفر نیست که عادل باشد. ۱۱کسی نیست که بفهمد یا جویای خدا باشد. ۱۲همۀ آدمیان از خدا روگردانیده اند، همگی از راه راست دور شده اند؛ حتی یک نفر نیکوکار نیست.

۱۳گلوی شان مثل قبر روباز است، زبان شان را برای فریب دادن به کار می برند و از لب های شان سخنانی مهلک مانند زهرِ مار جاری است.

۱۴دهان شان پُر از دشنام های زننده و بدی است، ۱۵و پاهای شان برای خونریزی تندرو است. ۱۶به هر جا که می روند، ویرانی و بدبختی بجا می گذارند، ۱۷و راه صلح و سلامتی را نشناخته اند. ۱۸خدا ترسی بنظر ایشان نمی رسد.»

۱۹ما می دانیم که روی سخن در شریعت با پیروان شریعت است تا هر دهانی بسته شود و تمام دنیا خود را نسبت به خدا ملزم و مسئول بدانند. ۲۰زیرا هیچ انسانی در نظر خدا با انجام احکام شریعت عادل شمرده نمی شود. کار شریعت اینست که انسان گناه را بشناسد.

عدالت از راه ایمان

۲۱اما اکنون عدالت خدا که تورات و پیامبران بر آن شهادت داده اند به ظهور رسیده است. خدا بدون در نظر گرفتن شریعت ۲۲و فقط از راه ایمان به عیسی مسیح همۀ ایمانداران را عادل می شمارد، زیرا هیچ تفاوتی نیست، ۲۳همه گناه کرده اند و از جلال خدا کم آمده اند. ۲۴اما با فیض خدا همه به وساطت عیسی مسیح که خونبهای آزادی آن ها است، بطور رایگان، عادل شمرده می شوند. ۲۵زیرا خدا مسیح را به عنوان وسیله ای برای آمرزش گناهان ـ که با ایمان به خون او به دست می آید ـ در مقابل چشم همه قرار داده و با این کار خدا عدالت خود را ثابت نمود، زیرا در گذشته به سبب بردباری خود گناهان آدمیان را نادیده گرفت ۲۶تا در این زمان، عدالت خدا کاملاً به ثبوت برسد، یعنی ثابت شود که خدا عادل است و کسی را که به عیسی ایمان می آورد عادل می شمارد.

۲۷پس فخر کردن چه معنی دارد؟ جائی برای آن نیست. به چه دلیل؟ آیا به دلیل انجام دادن شریعت؟ نخیر، بلکه چون ایمان می آوریم. ۲۸زیرا ما یقین داریم که به وسیلۀ ایمان، بدون اجرای شریعت، عادل شمرده می شویم. ۲۹آیا خدا فقط خدای یهودیان است؟ مگر خدای غیر یهودیان هم نیست؟ البته هست. ۳۰خدا یکی است و یهودیان را بر اساس ایمان و غیر یهودیان را نیز از راه ایمان عادل می سازد. ۳۱آیا این به آن معنی است که با ایمان، شریعت را از میان بر می داریم؟ نخیر، هرگز! بلکه آن را استوار می سازیم.

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