رسالۀ یعقوب رسول

فصل چهارم

علاقه به مادیات

۱علت نزاع ها و دعواهائی که در میان شما وجود دارد چیست؟ آیا علت آن ها خواهش های نفسانی شما نیست، خواهش هائی که در تمام اعضای بدن شما در جنگ و ستیز هستند؟ ۲شما به چیزهائی که ندارید، چشم می دوزید و برای آن حاضرید دیگران را بکشید. حسد می ورزید، ولی نمی توانید آنچه را که می خواهید به دست آورید، پس با یکدیگر به جنگ و نزاع می پردازید. شما آنچه را که می خواهید ندارید چون آن را از خدا نخواسته اید. ۳اگر از خدا هم بخواهید، دیگر حاجت شما برآورده نمی شود، چون با نیت بد و به منظور ارضای هوسهای خود آن را می طلبید. ۴ای مردمان خطاکار و بی وفا، آیا نمی دانید که دلبستگی به این دنیا دشمنی با خداست؟ هر که بخواهد دنیا را دوست داشته باشد، خود را دشمن خدا می گرداند. ۵آیا گمان می کنید کلام خدا بی معنی است، وقتی می فرماید: «خدا به آن روحی که خود در دل انسان قرار داده، به شدت علاقه دارد و نمی تواند تمایل انسان را به چیزی جز خود تحمل نماید؟» ۶اما فیضی که خدا می بخشد از این هم بیشتر است، چون کلام او می فرماید: «خدا با متکبران مخالفت می کند، اما به فروتنان فیض می بخشد.»

۷پس از خدا اطاعت کنید و در مقابل ابلیس مقاومت نمائید تا از شما بگریزد. ۸خود را به خدا نزدیک سازید که او نیز به شما نزدیک خواهد شد. ای گناهکاران، دستهای خود را بشوئید. ای ریاکاران، دلهای خود را پاک سازید، ۹ماتم بگیرید و گریه و ناله کنید. خندۀ شما به گریه و خوشی شما به غم مبدل شود. ۱۰در پیشگاه خدا خود را فروتن سازید و او شما را سرافراز خواهد ساخت.

داوری نسبت به برادر

۱۱ای برادران، از یکدیگر بد نگوئید. کسی که به برادر خود بد بگوید و یا نسبت به او داوری کند، در واقع از شریعت بد گفته و آن را محکوم ساخته است. اگر نسبت به شریعت داوری کنی تو داور شریعت شده ای و نه بجا آورندۀ آن. ۱۲دهندۀ شریعت و داور یکی است، یعنی همان کسی که قادر است انسان را نجات بخشد یا نابود سازد. پس تو کیستی که دربارۀ همسایه خود داوری می کنی؟

لاف زدن

۱۳ای کسانی که می گوئید: «امروز یا فردا به فلان شهر می رویم و در آنجا تجارت می کنیم و سود فراوان می بریم.» ۱۴ولی نمی دانید فردا چه خواهد شد. زندگی شما مثل بخاری است که لحظه ای دیده می شود و بعد از بین می رود. ۱۵در عوض آن، شما باید بگوئید: «اگر خدا بخواهد ما زنده می مانیم تا چنین و چنان کنیم.» ۱۶شما از خودستایی لذت می برید و این صحیح نیست. ۱۷بنابراین کسی که بداند نیکی چیست و نیکی نکند، گناه کرده است.

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